La trasformazione storico-topografica delle aree di confine: un esempio dal suburbio ovest di Roma

Mirella Serlorenzi, Giorgia Leoni, Federica Lamonaca

Abstract


Rome’s contemporary city-structure in municipalities incorporated into the modern suburbs those boundary areas that in ancient times spread from the city walls (i.e. the urbanised city) towards the territory, forming a transit zone between city and country. The present paper intends to highlight the significance of these areas, main indicators not only from a historic-archaeological point of view, with respect to the knowledge of the ancient settlement’s distribution and evolution within the territory, but especially with regards to the modern landscape’s transformation, becoming pivotal areas that urbanists and town planners should take into consideration for conservation and usage.
Our study analyses the territory of Rome’s Municipio XIII EST. This area shows a landscape that underwent a radical transformation throughout centuries, due to the changed requirements of the different social realities that followed each other from ancient Roman times until today. This casestudy shows clearly how the strong urbanistic expansion that started strongly in the 1960s extended like wild fire from the city centre towards the outside, becoming a rural landscape characterised by small properties and vast rural estates, on a surface with high housing industry. This caused the obliteration of the ancient landscape order, directly absorbed into the city and covered under many cement layers, without even verifying the historical value in previous forms of rural settlement. The widespread use of new technologies and territorial informative systems, like SITAR, Sistema Informativo Territoriale Archeologico di Roma of the Soprintendenza Speciale per il Colosseo, il Museo Nazionale Romano e l’Area Centrale di Roma, allows us to put together in a more rapid and complete way all the information from the various sources (historical cartographies, archives and bibliographic research, archaeological exploration of material data) and enables the knowledge and reconstruction of historical contexts.

Keywords


Archaeology, Ancient Topography, Landscape Archaeology, Landscape Planning, Archaeological Protection

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5463/lac.2014.41

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Copyright (c) 2016 Mirella Serlorenzi, Giorgia Leoni, Federica Lamonaca

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LAC 2014 proceedings - ISBN 978-90-825296-0-9 - is an open access initiative supported by the University Library, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.