Predictive Modelling of Younger Dryas Archaeological Remains in Southern Flevoland (Central Netherlands)

D.F.A.M. van den Biggelaar, S.J. Kluiving, J. Kolen, C. Kasse

Abstract


In this research locations are selected in Southern Flevoland (Central Netherlands) which are most likely to contain archaeological remains dating to the Younger Dryas (YD) (12,900-11,700 cal BP). To map and determine these locations two steps are performed:
1) The Pleistocene surface of Southern Flevoland is classified into landforms using a GIS application based on Topographic Position Index.
2) Data on the geomorphological setting and the distance to the nearest freshwater source of well-dated YD archaeological sites in the Northwest European Plain are extrapolated to the study area.
The inductive predictive model indicates that elevated areas in close proximity to a freshwater source have the highest probability to contain YD archaeological remains. For potential Federmesser remains a maximum distance of 1500 m from the Eem fluvial system is estimated and for potential Ahrensburgian remains a maximum distance of 2500 metres. The areas with potential YD archaeological remains constitute less than 10% of the total study area. The detailed and well-preserved Pleistocene surface in the study area, combined with potentially well-preserved YD remains due to the Holocene sediment cover, is of major importance for future studies on landscape exploitation by prehistoric hunter – fisher – gatherers. Reconstructing landscape exploitation opens up new avenues to study subsistence economy, settlement patterns and spatial organisation of past societies.

Keywords


Hunter – Fisher – Gatherer Landscape Exploitation, Pleistocene Surface Mapping, Predictive Modelling, Southern Flevoland, Younger Dryas

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5463/lac.2014.61

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Copyright (c) 2016 D.F.A.M. van den Biggelaar, S.J. Kluiving, J. Kolen, C. Kasse

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LAC 2014 proceedings - ISBN 978-90-825296-0-9 - is an open access initiative supported by the University Library, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.